The lack of Touhou thread here saddens me. Anyway.
Lots of the info here will be quoted from other websites, because one person trying to explain this? This has rarely been done. Quotes and credit will be given. To start with...
Eger-kun's info from OMF:
"1. All of the Characters are little girls. (Don't despair if you're not a lolicon but they are just depicted as that since after all the Main character is around 16 and most of the bosses are 60 to 1000 years old).
2. Despite what Fact #1 may lead you to believe, the games are extremely difficult.
3. The Touhou Fanbase has achieved levels of craziness that make other Fanbases look downright lazy.
The Touhou Project is a series of 2D (with 3D background) vertically-scrolling danmaku shooting games made by Team Shanghai Alice, with three fighting game spinoffs co-produced with Tasogare Frontier. They are similar to regular shooting games, but focus more on weaving through complex patterns containing anywhere from dozens to hundreds of bullets. Every game in the Touhou series is set in the fantasy land of Gensokyo, and the series is known for its huge cast of characters, well-developed storylines, and related materials such as music CDs, fan-made comics and animated videos made to the music.
Team Shanghai Alice (according to a certain magazine ) is composed of this guy:
This is 'ZUN', real name Junya Ota. He likes Beer and Agatha Christie Novels. He is a Japanese Programmer and Game Designer. He runs his own independent development studio, named 'Team Shanghai Alice'. In spite of what the word 'Team' may lead you believe, he is the only member. Also, in spite of what 'Programmer and Game Designer' may lead you to believe, he is UNDERweight.
On the other hand being a one man developer certainly has it's own disadvantages and yes He does all the coding, art, music, and design work by himself. You may be wondering how one man can single handily pull all of this off without a hitch. The answer to that is simple: The official character art sucks .
The series revolves around a Miko (Shinto Shrine Maiden) named Reimu Hakurei (the pale, almost zombie looking girl pictured above), who lives in a magical world named Gensokyo. Every so often, disaster strikes, and it's up to Reimu to save the world from little vampire girls, little ghost girls, little demon girls, little exiled moon princess girls... Generally, mythical entities that all look like LITTLE GIRLS.
To date there have been a total of 12 'Official' games in the series. However, the first fives games were for the now-obsolete Japanese only PC-98 Platform, so most fans simply ignore their existence altogether, similar to how Star Wars fans feel about Star Wars Holiday Special.
Starting with the sixth game, Touhou has been developed for PC. Unlike most popular Japanese PC Games, Touhou isn't an Erotic Dating Game or a Rape Simulator. In fact, instead of letting the player rape little girls, the game RAPES YOU... metaphorically speaking...
The game has practically defined the Danmaku (literally Bullet Curtain, but more commonly referred to as Bullet Hell) genre. Players move around 2D space, firing at enemies that appear while at the same time avoid enemy attacks. There are six stages and each one ends with a boss. If it sounds like the old Capcom Arcade Game '1942', then you're on the right track.
However, with the exception of any grandfather who saw action in the European Theater, no one would ever describe 1942 as 'Bullet Hell'. Touhou puts the Hell in Bullet Hell by literally showering you with ordinance. They come in a variety of colors and shapes, from knives, stars, butterflies, and even hearts. They all have two things in common though. They all look SUPER PRETTY, and they will all kill you in one hit.
But ut it's the boss fights that really turn the Hell dial up to eleven. In addition to a simple attack pattern, bosses will activate 'Spell Cards' after taking certain amounts of damage. These Spell Cards will take the form of even more bullets filling up the screen, and often fly in intricate patterns. Certainly an entertaining way to die.
The game itself has a awesome stream of music . Most of them are done by Zun himself.
And Also this one has sprang two manga series and one anime OVA."
Next will be the explaining of the games 6+, because 5- don't exist c: <3 Each game is linked to the Touhou wiki article of it~
* Every official PC-98 game
. . * Highly Responsive to Prayers
. . * Story of Eastern Wonderland
. . * Phantasmagoria of Dim.Dream
. . * Lotus Land Story
. . * Mystic Square
* Every official Windows game
. . * Embodiment of Scarlet Devil
. . * Perfect Cherry Blossom
. . * Immaterial and Missing Power
. . * Imperishable Night
. . * Phantasmagoria of Flower View
. . * Shoot the Bullet
. . * Mountain of Faith
. . * Scarlet Weather Rhapsody -This is a fighting game-
. . * Subterranean Animism
. . * Undefined Fantastic Object
. . * Hisoutensoku -This is another fighting game, and can be used as an expansion to SWR~-
. . * Double Spoiler
* Doujin games
. . * Super Marisa Land
. . * MegaMari
. . * Super Marisa World
. . * Touhouvania
. . * Mystical Chain
. . * PatchCon
So yeah. I would go on YouTube and search up some gameplay~
I'll add more when I get time, such as character images, some videos, ect~
Anyway, if anyone has anything they'd like to contribute, please do so~